Welch-Bridgewater Endowed Chair of Sports Media
Oklahoma State University
Dr. Edward (Ted) Kian is the Endowed Welch-Bridgewater Chair of Sports Media in the School of Media and Strategic Communications at Oklahoma State University. A former professional sport journalist, Dr. Kian’s research focuses primarily on sport communication, specifically examining areas such as portrayals of gender in media content, new media, attitudes and experiences of sport journalists, and marketing of sport to LGBT consumers. He has authored more than 50 journal articles, conference papers, and invited book chapters. Dr. Kian’s research, journalism, or expertise has been cited by outlets such as 60 Minutes and Fox Sports.
Breakout Session: Examining Oklahoma State University’ Crisis Response Tactics to Negative Sports Illustrated Reports on the Cowboys’ Football Program*
Sport media uncovering and publicizing scandals in major college football and men’s basketball have become commonplace over the past 30 years. The crisis communication strategies of accused universities have generally been to read and then react to revelations of wrongdoing through a process that initially entails (A) acknowledging seriousness of the “alleged” accusations, (B) not admitting or denying any wrongdoing, (C) promising a full internal investigation, and (D) pledging to fix any problems uncovered, while (E) adhering to the educational mission of the university. However, actions beyond those promises are rarely taken until the initial reporting of the scandal is published by a variety of media outlets. After the investigations and possible coaching/athletics staff dismissals, the accused sport program(s) and its athletic department engage in long-term, image-repair strategies while rarely acknowledging the scandal itself.
Oklahoma State University appeared to face a far greater crisis when Sports Illustrated – long recognized as the top outlet for U.S. investigative sport journalism – informed OSU officials that it planned to soon publish an in-depth series on the school’s football program that ran the “gamut of college-scandal-reporting allegations: payments to players, academic fraud, drugs, sex, and players being discarded once their talents were no longer of any use to the school” (Cosentino, 2013, ¶ 17). SI interviewed an unprecedented 64 former players, 60 of whom spoke on the record, with nearly all claiming alleged rules violations or questionable ethical practices.
OSU communications officials were notified of the five-part series just seven days before the first part of the series was published on SI’s website. OSU’s responses contrasted the norm above and will likely be emulated by many university athletic programs in the future. Examining the crisis communication tactics of OSU through insider access are the foci of this case study.
First, OSU centralized who would comment on the allegations in the series, with all responses coordinated through the University’s main communications office. OSU then set up a Website, using convergent mediums (e.g., videos, articles, etc.) and a variety of public figures (e.g., University President Burns Hargis, prominent booster T. Boone Pickens, then-Fox Sports reporter Jason Whitlock, etc.) to respond and repudiate much of SI’s reporting. OSU also questioned the objectivity of SI reporter Thayer Evans, who previously had wrote unflattering commentaries about OSU.
The strategy ultimately worked. ESPN, Deadspin, and other prominent sport media outlets noted the lack of fact-checking, sensationalism, and erroneous reporting by SI throughout the series. The focus of the national story shifted away from the OSU football scandal to the failure to verify sources and a perceived agenda-based reporting by a major media outlet.
As a result, few negatives to OSU have come from the scandal. The football program is enjoying one of its most successful seasons and Coach Mike Gundy said the notoriety from the SI series has actually helped in the recruitment of top high school prospects (Hines, 2013).
*Edward (Ted) Kian and John Vincent co-authored this paper. Edward (Ted) Kian and John Vincent will present.
Breakout session: Devolving into Paparazzi or Reporting Historic News? Challenges Facing Traditional Sport Media in Covering Sexual Orientation in the Web Age
Increasing societal acceptance of homosexuality has been evident throughout U.S. culture in recent years. Still, no athlete has publicly revealed his homosexuality while active in any of the four major U.S. professional men’s teamsport leagues. The few, prominent openly gay male athletes participated in sports historically framed by media as effeminate.
In the only published survey on sport journalists’ attitudes toward homosexuality, 74% of respondents agreed with, “I do not think it is appropriate to ever ask an athlete about his or her sexual orientation” (Hardin & Whiteside, 2009). Only 1% strongly disagreed. Multiple scholars have blamed media for not reporting on gay athletes, but mainstream media generally do not snoop into athletes’ private lives, gay or straight. However, such ethics may be deteriorating in the Web age.
Semi-structured interviews were conducted with successful U.S. newspaper sport journalists on topics such as ethical issues in reporting on athletes’ personal lives, and newsworthiness of an athlete’s sexual orientation. Primary themes emerging from the data and their implications are discussed.